Duterte to Adopt Former President Marcos’ Program
President Rodrigo R. Duterte will adopt the concept of Masagana 99 to become rice-self-sufficient in the coming years as well the the “Biyayang Dagat”. He mentioned that we should follow the program and never invent a new one because it already worked and it was the time that the country did not import food.
Masagana 99 was a program in the Philippines under the regime of Ferdinand Marcos that promoted the planting of Green Revolution varieties of rice developed by the International Rice Research Institute. It began in 1973. Masagana 99 is a Filipino word for bountiful and 99 was the average production target of 99 cavans (4,900 kilos) per hectare per season for irrigated rice. The rice varieties used in the program were capable of high yields when grown with heavy use of fertilizer, herbicides, pesticides, and irrigation. The program had four elements: Access to improved technology, credit, price support for rice and provision of low-cost fertilizer.
For a brief spell during Ferdinand Marcos’s regime, the Philippines became self-sufficient in rice, reversing a trend of buying overseas to fill in shortages in the staple since colonial times.
The country exported rice from 1977 to 1978 following the success of Marcos’ “Masagana 99” program; a blueprint to harvest a “bountiful” 99 cavans of rice (4,900 kilos) per hectare.
Masagana 99 mobilized 6,000 agricultural technicians, all agricultural credit institutions in the Philippines, P2 billion in funds, and 530,000 hectares irrigated rice farms.
President Duterte also added that former President Ferdinand E. Marcos was the best President if not for dictatorship.